Avicultural Data

One of the easiest pheasants to keep in aviaries, these species is without
a doubt, the best for the beginner. They are small and do not require a
very large aviary, making suitable for those with limited space.
Hardy and able to withstand bitterly cold temperatures with little or no
shelter. Since they are forest birds by nature, you will need to provide
plenty of shade for them during the hot summer months. Direct
sunlight will cause the male's plumage to fade. All though they are cold
hardy, in the evening they will go to roust, so shelter should be provided
to protect them from the wind, rain, and cold weather.

Red Golden and Lady Amherst must be kept in separate pens because
they will crossbred. If your going to raise Amherst and Red Golden's,
the farther apart the better.
The cocks can get very aggressive toward one another when they are
with their hens. They will even try fighting through the wire so its best
to keep them as far apart as you can or build a divider between the
pens so they can't see each other. Young cocks can be kept together for
awhile but its best that they be separated so they don't fight.

You will notice that the males are "show-offs", often displaying their
ruff with no hens around most of the year.
Which makes them very exciting to watch.  I've had some that
have become quite tame, taking treats right from my hand.

These species readily breeds in captivity. The hen will begin to lay her
clutch of 8 to 12 eggs in April. I have seen some Golden hens that were
great mothers, and others that were careless at taking care of their
eggs. If you want the hen to hatch her own eggs it's encouraged to
provide as much natural surroundings as possible so she can hide
without being disturbed to encourage the hens to incubate. Remember
these are thick forest birds, so the hens need places in the pen to hide
and also get away from the cock during mating season. If you need
Idea's on pen construction click on the button "Bird Pens"
Incubation lasts about 22 to 23 days. The chicks are easy to raise and
are often used to "teach" rarer species to eat.

The color of the Golden female's iris is a pretty brown, while the male's
is much lighter, turning yellow as they get older. Amherst chicks are
harder to identify. Usually, the young Amherst hens will have dark
bars on their tail feathers but it takes a lot longer to sex the Amherst
then it does the Golden's.

Although they can fly in short bursts, they are quite clumsy in flight
and spend most of their time on the ground.

They tend to eat berries, grubs, seeds and other types of vegetation. My
birds love to eat all kinds of vegetables, fruit, and seeds and grass.
It would be hard to find something they wouldn't eat.

The males has a metallic call in the breeding season, the hens
have a variety of calls, chirps, peeps.. The mature Amherst male can
have a very loud call during mating season compared to the Golden's.
Usually they do their calls in early morning and right before dark.
My Beautiful Red Goldens
& Lady Amherst Pheasants
Located in Central Pennsylvania

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